The Paragard IUD may break upon removal which can require additional surgery to resolve
The Paragard Intrauterine Device (IUD) is designed to be implanted into a woman’s uterus to prevent pregnancy. It is a long-term, but reversible, form of contraception.
The device works by continually releasing small amounts of copper into the uterus. The copper is believed to help to prevent the sperm from reaching the egg, which prevents pregnancy. The Paragard IUD also causes changes in the lining of the uterus to help reduce the risk of implantation.
Paragard IUD can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which is an infection of the uterus or other reproductive organs and is most likely to occur within the first 20 days of insertion. While antibiotics are usually prescribed for treatment, this type of infection can lead to other threatening conditions, such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy, chronic pelvic pain and even death.
Users of copper intrauterine devices like Paragard are also more likely to experience expulsion of the device compared to other types of IUDs. A study found 10.2 percent of women using copper IUDs experienced expulsion or the device moving out of place or completely out of the body, while just 4.9 percent of Mirena users did.
Full or partial expulsion could require surgery to remove the entire device, rendering the birth control ineffective.
Do not stop taking a prescribed medication without first consulting your doctor. Discontinuing a prescribed medication without your doctor's advice can result in injury or death.